Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Choose the word with the different pronunciation
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Choose the word that has different primary stress
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
D. no article
He___________only three letters to his parents since he joined the army.
A. has written
C. would write
D. had written
Jimmy’s low examination scores kept him from___________to the university
A. to admit
B. to be admitted
D. being admitted
The company is believed___________a lot of money last year.
A. to lose
C. to have lost
D. to be losing
When___________as the new manager of the company, Mr. Smith knew he had a lot of things to do.
D. have appointed
___________his poor English, he managed to communicate his problem very clearly.
B. Even though
C. Because of
D. In spite of
If I___________a wallet in the street, I’d take it to the police.
C. will find
D. would find
I assume that you are acquainted___________this subject since you are responsible writing the accompanying materials.
The song has___________been selected for the 2018 World Cup, Russia.
Elephants___________the ecosystems they live in, and make it possible for a lot of other species to survive in those environments as well.
After the fire, the government pledged to implement a program of___________all over the devastated national park.
He was given a medal in___________of his service to the country.
I’m going on business for a week, sp I’ll be leaving everything___________.
A. on your guards
B. up to your eyes
C. in your capable hands
D. in the care of you
Archaeologists think that massive floods could have___________the dinosaurs.
A. wiped out
B. laid off
C. put aside
D. taken down.
Mark A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
The assumption that smoking has bad effects on our health have been proved.
D. have been proved.
She had so many luggage that there was not enough room in the car for it. (underlined part that needs correction)
A. so many
C. enough room
Alike light waves, microwaves may be reflected and concentrated elements. (underlined part that needs correction)
C. may be
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following sentences.
A. Lan denied breaking the mobile phone.
B. Lan admitted breaking the mobile phone.
C. Lan prevented us from breaking the mobile phone
D. Lan promised to break the mobile phone.
The bag was heavy, so we could not take it with us.
A. If the bag was not heavy, we would take it with us.
B. Unless the bag had not been heavy, we would have taken it with us.
C. If had the bag not been heavy, we would have taken it with us.
D. Had the bag not been heavy, we would have taken it with us
He was such a wet blanket at the party tonight!
A. He made people at the party wet through.
B. He spoiled other people’s pleasure at the party
C. He bought a wet blanket to the party.
D. He was wet through when going home from the party.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
A. He has been investigated for days, suspected to have stolen credit cards.
B. Suspecting to have stolen credit cards, he has been investigated for days.
C. Having suspected of stealing credit cards, he has been investigated for days.
D. Suspected of stealing credit cards, he has been investigated for days.
The girl packed the vase in polyester foam. She didn’t want it to get broken in the post.
A. The girl packed the vase in polyester foam so that it wouldn’t get broken in the post.
B. The girl packed the vase in polyester foam so it didn’t get broken in the post.
C. The girl packed the vase in polyester foam so as it wouldn’t get broken in the post.
D. The girl packed the vase in polyester foam for it didn’t get broken in the post.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
David and Cathy are talking about the party next week.
David.: “I’d like to invite you to a party next Sunday.”
A. Thank you. What time?
B. How do you do?
C. You’re entirely welcome.
D. I’m glad you like it.
Tom and Marry are meeting at the class reunion.
Tom. “Your hairstyle is terrific, Mary”
A. Thanks. That’s a nice compliment
B. why do you say so?
C. Sorry, I don’t like it
D. I think so
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
I strongly recommend that you should take out an insurance policy in the house for your own peace of mind.
A. to stop your sleeping
B. to stop your worrying
C. to stop your thinking
D. to stop your believing
Every year this charity organization takes on volunteers to support the needy and the poor. (underlined words CLOSEST in meaning with)
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is OPPOSITE in meaning to each of the following questions.
I must have a watch since punctuality is imperative in my new job.
A. being on time
B. being cheerful
C. being efficient
D. being late
Jose had a hard time comparing the iPhone to the Samsung phone because to him they were apples and oranges. (underlined words OPPOSITE in meaning with)
A. containing too many technical details
B. very similar
C. completely different
D. very complicated
Read the following passage and mark A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the blanks.
Higher education also provides a competitive edge in the career market. We all know that in the economic times we are living in today, finding jobs is not guaranteed. The number of people unemployed is still relatively high, and the number of new career (33) ___________ isn’t nearly enough to put people in jobs they are seeking. As a job seeker, you’re competing with a high number of experienced workers (34) ___________ have been out of the workforce for a while and are also seeking work. (35) ___________, when you have a higher education, it generally equips you for better job security. Generally speaking, employers tend to value those who have completed college than those who have only completed high school and are more likely to replace that person who hasn’t (36) ___________a higher education. Furthermore, some companies even go so far as to pay your tuition because they consider an educated (37) ___________to be valuable to their organization. A college education is an investment that doesn’t just provide you with substantial rewards. It benefits the hiring company as well.
Read the following passage and choose A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from 38 to 42.
In this era of increased global warming and diminishing fossil fuel supplies, we must begin to put a greater priority on harnessing alternative energy sources. Fortunately, there are a number of readily available, renewable resources that are both cost- effective and earth – friendly. Two such resources are solar power and geothermal power.
Solar energy, which reaches the earth through sunlight, is so abundant that it could meet the needs of worldwide energy consumption 6,000 times over. And solar energy is easily harnessed through the use of photovoltaic cells that convert sunlight to electricity. In the us alone, more than 100, 000 homes are equipped with solar electric systems in the form of solar panels or solar roof tiles. And in other parts of the world, including many developing countries, the use of solar system is growing steadily.
Another alternative energy source, which is abundant in specific geographical areas, is geothermal power, which creates energy by tapping heat from below the surface of the earth. Hot water and steam that are trapped in underground pools are pumped to the surface and used to run a generator, which produces electricity. Geothermal energy is 50,000 times more abundant than the entire known supply of fossil fuel resources and as with solar power, the technology needed to utilize geothermal energy is fairly simple. A prime example of effective geothermal use in Iceland, a region of high geothermal activity where there are over 80 percent of private homes, are heated by geothermal power.
Solar and geothermal energy are just two of promising renewable alternatives to conventional energy sources. The time is long overdue to invest in the development and use of alternative energy on global scale.
What is the main topic of this passage?
A. The benefits of solar and wind power over conventional energy sources.
B. Two types of alternative energy sources that should be further utilized.
C. How energy resources are tapped from nature.
D. Examples of the use of energy sources worldwide.
Which of the following words could best replace the word “abundant”?
A. a lot
The word “it” in the second paragraph refers to_____________
A. solar energy
B. the earth
D. energy consumption
According to the passage, how is solar energy production similar to geothermal energy production?
A. They both require the use of a generator.
B. They both use heat from the earth’s surface.
C. They both require fairly simple technology.
D. They are both conventional and costly.
What best describes the author’s purpose in writing the passage?
A. To warn people about the hazards of fossil fuel use.
B. To convince people of the benefits of developing alternative energy sources.
C. To describe the advantages and disadvantages of alternative energy use.
D. To outline the problems and solutions connected with global warming.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from 43 to 50.
According to sociologists, there are several different ways in which a person may become recognized as the leader of a social group in the United States. In the family, traditional cultural patterns confer leadership on one or both of the parents. In other cases, such as friendship groups, one or more persons may gradually emerge as leaders, although there is no formal process of selection. In larger groups, leaders are usually chosen formally through election or recruitment.
Although leaders are often thought to be people with unusual personal ability, decades of research have failed to produce consistent evidence that there is any category of “natural leaders.” It seems that there is no set of personal qualities that all leaders have in common; rather, virtually any person may be recognized as a leader if the person has qualities that meet the needs of that particular group. Furthermore, although it is commonly supposed that social groups have a single leader, research suggests that there are typically two different leadership roles that are held by different individuals.
Instrumental leadership is leadership that emphasizes the completion of tasks by a social group. Group members look to instrumental leaders to “get things” done. Expressive leadership, on the other hand, is leadership that emphasizes the collective well¬being of a social group’s member. Expressive leader are less concerned with the overall goals of the group than with providing emotional support to group members and attempting to minimize tension and conflict among them. Group members expect expressive leaders to maintain stable relationships within the group and provide support to individual members. Instrumental leaders are likely to have a rather secondary relationship to other group members. They give orders and may discipline group members who inhibit attainment of the groups goals. Expressive leaders cultivate a more personal or primary relationship to others in the group. They offer sympathy when someone experiences difficulties or is subjected to discipline, are quick to lighten a serious moment with humor, and try to resolve issues that threaten to divide the group. As the differences in these two roles suggest, expressive leaders generally receive more personal affection from group members; instrumental leaders, if they are successful in promoting group goals, may enjoy a more distant respect.
What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. How leadership differs in small and large groups
B. The role of leaders in social groups
C. The problems faced by leaders
D. How social groups determine who will lead them
The passage mentions all of the following ways by which people can become leaders EXCEPT___________
B. specific leadership training
C. traditional cultural patterns
D. formal election process
Which of the following statements about leadership can be inferred from paragraph 2?
A. person can best learn how to be an effective leader by studying research on leadership.
B. Most people desire to be leaders but can produce little evidence of their qualifications.
C. A person who is an effective leader of a particular group may not be an effective leader in another group.
D. Few people succeed in sharing a leadership role with another person.
The passage indicates that instrumental leaders generally focus on___________
A. sharing responsibility with group members
B. achieving a goal
C. ensuring harmonious relationships
D. identifying new leaders
The word “collective” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to___________
It can be understood that___________
A. There is lots of tension and conflict in an election of a leader in the family.
B. There is usually an election to choose leaders in a family as well as in larger groups.
C. It has been said that there must be a set of personal qualities that all leaders have in common.
D. Leaders are sometimes chosen formally or informally.
The word “resolve” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to___________
A. talk about
B. find a solution for
C. avoid repeating
D. avoid thinking about
Paragraphs 3 and 4 organize the discussion of leadership primarily in terms of___________
A. examples that illustrate a problem
B. narration of events
C. comparison and contrast
D. cause and effect analysis